Solvent Tolerant Nanofiltration and Reverse Osmosis membranes (STNF) for the purification of industr
Many industrial process streams contain water with solvents and other organic components. Such streams need to be purified from these components or need to be treated before further handling. Polymeric nanofiltration membranes nowadays widely used in wastewater and water treatment normally show high permeability and stable rejection. They offer a more sustainable and energy efficient alternative to currently used separation technologies.
However, if a solvent is present in the aqueous feed stream, these performances are often lost due to phenomena like swelling and membrane degradation. The permeability becomes often lower and the rejection unpredictable. This behaviour hinders implementation of membrane technology in water/solvent streams.
The proposed project aims to solve this by development of cost and energy effective methods for stable nanofiltration membranes, able to separate and substantially concentrate organic components from resp. in mixed solvent/water industrial process and waste streams, sized 10 – 100 m3/hr. with a solvent content < 20% in water and a content of organic components in feed between 100 – 2000 ppm. This, to purify process streams from these components before further processing and to treat waste streams prior to discharge or incineration if biological wastewater treatment processes cannot handle these streams.
The project contributes to (a) energy saving in process industry, of in potential some 20 PJ/year or a reduction in CO2 discharge of 1.3 million ton/year, (b) a circular economy (recovery and re-use of water, solvent and components and less waste handling and discharge).
1. Development of new nanofiltration membranes with a MWCO from 200 to 1000 Dalton that have a competitive performance in a wide range of water/solvent mixtures. Both solvent and water may pass the membrane, whereas the components must be rejected.
2. Development of test protocols to determine MWCO, salt rejection and permeability in a wide range of solvent/water mixtures.
3. Benchmark these membranes against commercially available alternatives.
4. Creation of a data driven model which helps to identify important process parameters and predict membrane behaviour under certain process conditions and stream compositions.
5. Techno-economic evaluation and setting up a roadmap for implementation.
New type(s) of nanofiltration membranes for solvent/water mixtures, test protocols, a predictive data driven model and comparison of the behaviour of the new developed membranes as described against commercially available alternatives. Proof of principle of the developed membranes when applied on real industrial streams in a laboratory environment (TRL 6); reached readiness to enter into future pilot testing on real industrial streams (TRL 7). Techno economic analysis and roadmap.