Maintain CATO Innovation Cluster 2015

Publieke samenvatting / Public summary

Project Summary

The TKIs have drawn up research agendas and objectives for the coming years. The Top Consortium for Knowledge and Innovation New Gas is one of the five TKIs within the Energy Top Sector. TKI New Gas comprises a number of primary topics. These include carbon capture, utilisation and storage (CCUS), which was added in 2013. Through the CATO programme (, the Netherlands has built up a strong position in the field of carbon capture and storage. Within the CCUS topic, this position will be expanded with the addition of CO2 utilisation.


CATO is the Dutch national R&D programme for carbon capture, transport and storage and involves a consortium of nearly 40 partners and comprises CATO-1, CATO-2 and now CATO-3. The last is funded by industrial partners and various government sources, including TKI, CLIMIT and EU ERA-NET. The CATO-2 programme aimed to facilitate and enable the integrated development of CCS demonstration sites in the Netherlands.

Project objective
Top Sectors are areas in which the Dutch business community and research centre worldwide excel. The business community, universities, research centres and government work together on knowledge and innovation to strengthen this position even more. Within each Top Sector, the parties have joined forces in Top Consortia for Knowledge and Innovation (TKI).

This project consisted of the following work packages (please note that not all packages were used) and included a number of topics that were still current at the end of the CATO-2 programme:

  • WP 01 How to communicate and share the output from an integrated research programme? A Question & Answer Tree summarising the CO2 storage elements of the CATO-2 research programme
  • WP 04 STEP-UP: SEWGS Technology Platform Upgrade
  • WP 07 Identifying challenges and barriers to CCS implementation and defining common industrial interest including drafting a common CCS position paper
  • WP 08 Understanding the requirements for the integration of intermittent renewable electricity in low CO2 emitting power systems with CCS
  • WP 09 A comparative assessment of the transportation and unloading of CO2 by ship 
  • WP 10 Unexpected swelling effects of CO2 on clays: Good or bad news for CO2 storage integrity and leak mitigation options?
  • WP 11 Innovative tracer injection in K12-B
  • WP 12 Legal framework and guidance involving legal issues and regulation of CCS following the CATO-2 programme
  • WP 13 Maintain the CATO Innovation Cluster